According to the report released by the Ministry of Public Health and Population of Haiti on January 7, the current round of cholera outbreak in the country broke out on October 2, 2022. Within three months as of January 6, 2023, the country has reported 1576 confirmed cases of cholera and 457 deaths. Among them, the average age of hospitalized patients was 20 years old, and the most infected age group was 1 to 4 years old, with a total of 307 deaths. Analysts pointed out that the current cholera epidemic is still spreading in Haiti, and the unstable situation, fuel shortage and lack of drinking water in the local area have all had a negative impact on the containment of the cholera epidemic.
According to the Pan American Health Organization, Haiti was hit by a magnitude 7 earthquake in 2010. After the earthquake, a cholera epidemic broke out in the local area, causing more than 820,000 infections and nearly 10,000 deaths. The epidemic did not basically subside until 2019.
Cholera is an acute intestinal infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae. It is mainly transmitted through unclean water and food. Patients often suffer from symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, and high fever. Severe illness and delayed treatment can lead to death.