A new breakthrough in the archeology of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang! Preliminary Clarification of the Arrangement Rules of the Qin Army’s Army Array and More than 220 Newly Discovered Pottery FigurinesHow did the Qin army, which swept the six countries and ruled the world, arrange its troops? What is the production process of Qinling pottery figurines? The answers to these age-old mysteries are beginning to emerge from the waters of history. The Shaanxi Provincial Bureau of Cultural Relics released the important archeological discoveries in Shaanxi in 2022 on the 12th. Among them, the archeological excavation of the Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang has made new achievements. During this archeological excavation, more than 220 pottery figurines were newly discovered, and the arrangement of the military formations was preliminarily clarified, as well as the production procedure of the Qin Mausoleum pottery figurines. The third archeological excavation of Pit No. 1 began in 2009, covering an area of about 430 square meters. At present, more than 220 pottery figurines, 16 pottery horses, 4 chariots, chariots, weapons, production tools, etc. have been cleaned up.
According to Shen Maosheng, a researcher at the Qinshihuang Mausoleum Museum, the architectural structure is a frame type, which is relatively primitive in technology compared with the box-type burial pit. It can be inferred that it was built earlier in the cemetery. At the same time, this archeological excavation also made a number of breakthroughs: the types and accessories of weapons were clarified; the first shield in the pit of figurines was cleared, the functions of special figurines were confirmed, and the arrangement of the army array was preliminarily clarified. Shen Maosheng said that this archeological excavation also clarified the production process of the pottery figurines: after the large pottery figurines are molded, the detailed carvings are first made, and then the arms are glued together.
The burial pits of the Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses are a group of large-scale burial pits outside the Mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin. Among them, Pit No. 1 has the largest area, with a rectangular plane and a total area of 14,260 square meters. According to the estimation of the arrangement density, about 6,000 pottery figurines and pottery horses can be unearthed after all excavations pieces.