Despite the commitments made by various countries, the use of coal has increased, which is the main source of increasing the temperature of the earth.
According to the Associated Press, the production of coal-fired power plants has increased by 19.5 gigawatts in 2022, which is enough to power 1.5 million homes.
According to a report published by the Global Energy Monitor, an organization that monitors energy projects, a one percent increase in coal consumption has been seen at a time when coal-fired power plants have been phased out in response to climate change targets. Need to close.
By 2021, countries around the world have pledged to cut coal consumption to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees.
Flora Champenois, author of the report, says the more new coal projects are launched, the more future commitments will fall.
Fourteen countries launched new coal projects last year, while 8 announced new coal projects. China, India, Indonesia, Turkey and Zimbabwe have not only started new coal plants but also announced more projects.
Of all new coal projects, the highest rate is at 92 percent in China.
China has added 26.8 gigawatts and India 3.5 gigawatts to the grid as it increases its use of coal.
While China has approved new projects through which 100 gigawatts of electricity will be generated using coal.
On the other hand, the US has shut down a large number of coal-fired power plants that used to generate 13.5 gigawatts of electricity.
The United States was among 17 countries that closed coal plants last year.
There are 2,500 coal-fired plants worldwide, while one-third of the world’s energy installations are powered by coal.
Achieving the 2015 Paris Agreement targets requires all rich countries to shut down coal plants by 2030, while developing countries are given 2040.