As we all know, the solar system is a very grand galaxy. Here, the sun and the eight planets are arranged in an orderly manner and move smoothly according to their respective orbits. This article give you a best information of Jupiter
Among these planets, each one has its own characteristics and is well known to us humans. For example, Saturn has its own “halo” and is regarded as a symbol of love. Neptune is blue in color, like an endless deep sea… .
However, among these planets, Jupiter may be the least impressive planet, partly because of its distance and partly because it is too ordinary and seems featureless. But in fact, this seemingly ordinary planet hides unknown dangers.
According to the arrangement of the eight major planets in the solar system, Jupiter’s position is called “awkward”. As the largest planet in the solar system, it is placed outside the asteroid belt by the sun.
Precisely because of its huge size, Jupiter is classified as a giant planet according to the classification of planets. Its mass is one thousandth that of the sun, far exceeding other planets in the solar system. Because of this, Jupiter’s gravity is also particularly obvious.
As we all know, the earth has only one natural satellite, which is the moon, but Jupiter has 79 natural satellites, including 4 Galilean satellites, 4 small inner group satellites and other large and small irregular satellites.
In order to further understand the secrets of Jupiter, the United States has launched many probes to Jupiter, including the Pioneer probe, the Voyager probe, the Galileo probe and the Juno probe.
These probes passed through the asteroid belt and headed for distant Jupiter, bringing us back a lot of precious information, which refreshed scientists’ understanding of Jupiter.
We all know that Saturn has an obvious ring. It is the existence of this ring that makes it particularly beautiful. But few people know that Jupiter also has its own “halo”, but this ring is dim in color. It’s hard to be discovered.
As early as 1974, the Pioneer 11 probe flew into the universe in an attempt to uncover the secrets of Jupiter. As a result, when it was about 130,000 kilometers away from Jupiter, the probe observed the movement and absorption characteristics of charged particles on Jupiter.
This phenomenon made scientists at the time frown. They suspected that there might be corresponding dust rings around Jupiter. However, due to the state of technology at the time, people had to give up the corresponding research.
It was not until 1979 that the Voyager 1 probe received its mission and took corresponding photos when it crossed the equatorial plane of Jupiter, which became irrefutable evidence of the existence of Jupiter’s rings.
Jupiter’s halo is similar to a disk, but it looks very thin from the surface. Its thickness is about 30 kilometers and its width is nearly 9,400 kilometers. It is divided into an inner ring and an outer ring. In the data recorded by the detector, Jupiter ‘s The outer ring is brighter in color, while the inner ring is much darker, similar to the color of Jupiter’s atmosphere.
It is precisely because of the appearance of this planetary ring that scientists are increasingly curious about Jupiter. They have carried out long-term observations of Jupiter and finally discovered many scary things about Jupiter , among which the most terrifying are undoubtedly the five types, namely temperature differences. , magnetic fields, red spots, comet impacts and pressure effects.
Five scary things
- temperature difference
The most terrifying thing about Jupiter is its temperature difference . Generally speaking, the temperature on the surface of Jupiter is very low, only about -147°C, but the temperature inside Jupiter is very high, close to 30,000°C . Between this temperature difference It is difficult for humans to live on it.
It is precisely for this reason that there is a high probability that there will be no survival and distribution of vegetation and organisms on Jupiter.
- magnetic field
It’s magnetic field is also a very scary factor. As mentioned before, Jupiter’s mass and gravity are very large, which causes Jupiter’s magnetic field to be completely different from the Earth’s magnetic field. Its magnetic field is 14 times that of the Earth’s magnetic field, and the area involved can be Up to 1.4 million to 1.7 million kilometers.
Within the scope of Jupiter’s magnetic field, many equipment signals will be interfered to varying degrees, which makes it difficult for us humans to explore the mysteries of Jupiter, because as long as our detection equipment enters the range of it, it will basically be intercepted by Jupiter . Attracted by the gravity of Jupiter, it will then “lost itself” in Jupiter’s magnetic field.
Similar to solar flares, the Great Red Spot on the surface of Jupiter is also an iconic feature on the surface of Jupiter. Strictly speaking, these red spots are extremely “dangerous” because they are formed by larger storm cyclones on Jupiter. Generally , In general, their length can reach 25,000 kilometers, and the span between the upper and lower parts is about 12,000 kilometers, which shows their wide range.
As early as 1665, Italian astronomer Cassini discovered the existence of the Great Red Spot. In his opinion, the darker color of the Great Red Spot may come from the red phosphorus on it. Secondly, the lifespan of these Great Red Spots is relatively long, roughly Can last for hundreds of years.
We might as well put ourselves in the shoes of Jupiter, and if we lived on Jupiter, these Great Red Spot cyclones might destroy our civilization in an instant, and they would continue continuously for hundreds of years, which can be called humankind’s greatest disaster . Destroyer.
- comet impact
Comet impacts are the most common thing that happens on it because its gravity is very strong and it is relatively close to the asteroid belt. Therefore, many asteroids that deviate from their orbits are often easily capture by it and then fall into its “gentle homeland” This is not an unreasonable statement, because humans have witnessed two collisions between Jupiter and comets.
In 1993, American scholars Eugene Shoemaker and his wife used the American Observatory telescope to find a comet. During a period of monitoring, they found that the comet was being “held hostage” by it. In 1994, the comet broke into 21 pieces . fragments, and rushes towards Jupiter at a speed of 60 kilometers per second.
In 2009, Australian astronomy enthusiasts also observed the impact of a Jupiter comet . This incident immediately attracted the attention of NASA. Soon after, NASA confirmed this discovery and found an impact near the south pole of it. Mark of.
Of course, something similar happened in 2010. At that time, astronomers from Australia and the Philippines observed the collision between a comet and Jupiter at the same time. They even recorded the event and it was officially preserve.
- stress effects
We all know that the eight planets revolve around the solar system in basically stable orbits, and Jupiter is certainly no exception. However, one of the more prominent aspects of Jupiter is its pressure.
As mentioned before, Jupiter has a huge attraction, but when we stand on Jupiter, this attraction will turn into pressure. You must know that the earth’s gravity can ensure that we move freely and smoothly on the earth. But at the same time, we humans also have to bear a downward gravity.
In the same way, because Jupiter’s gravity is greater, when we humans stand on the surface of it . We will bear greater gravity. This gravity is much stronger than the earth’s gravity. And may even crush human bones . collapse and deform, or tightly adsorb humans to the surface it.
To sum up, it is a quite mysterious but also quite terrifying planet. Whenever our detection equipment enters its range, it will always be affect by it. Therefore, our understanding it still only superficial, but in the future. As technology further improves, we will surely have a more comprehensive understanding it.