Today we are going to to tell you 20 categories of studio lighting tips with studio lighting diagram for best result and quality photos , let’s read it
1. Use of backlight and side backlight
When shooting soft portraits with studio lighting , we can also use some lighting techniques, such as the use of backlighting and side backlighting. Backlighting and side backlighting can highlight the outline of a character, increase three-dimensional changes, and give the character a sense of transparency. In addition, you can also use the technique of overexposing part of the picture to enhance the soft tone effect. The use of backlighting and side backlighting
2 sides backlight, reflector and top light
Added top light illumination to increase transparency and subtle three-dimensional changes to the characters
3 sides backlight plus reflector
Artificial reflected light must have a luminous body (studio lighting ) shining on a certain object in order to be reflected onto the subject. The reflecting object itself is not a luminous body. The reflectors we commonly use are reflective objects. Due to the different roughness of the surface, the intensity of the reflection is also different. Here we choose foam board, which is lightweight, diffuses light and reflects softly. Reflectors are used on the front, left and right sides of the character, and flash lighting is used on the sides and rear of the character. The character’s face is mainly filled with light reflected back, so that the light is softer and more delicate.
4 Semi-enveloped plus reflected light (diffuse reflection of reflector)
On the basis of semi-enveloped plus reflected light (light reflection) studio lighting, you can directly use a reflector combined with multiple light transmission lighting methods, or use a semi-enveloped type of projected light plus diffuse reflection fill-in light from a reflector.
5 Semi-enveloped plus reflective light (light reflection)
In order to achieve a uniform, comprehensive, soft-toned lighting effect that can beautify the subject, multiple indoor photography lights and some reflective lighting are generally used. Mainly using multiple translucent lights within the lighting range, and using a flash on the right side of the character to illuminate the light reflected back from the reflector to fill in the character, so that the light is softer
6 half surround plus front side light
In order to appropriately increase the texture and three-dimensional changes of the characters in the softness, you can use semi-enclosed lighting to increase the front side light to enhance the three-dimensional changes and texture of the characters. Surrounded by soft light cloth on the left, right and rear, on the front side of the characters Use a soft box to fill in light for characters, and you can quickly and easily adjust the changes in the three-dimensional light ratio of the characters.
7 semi-surrounding plus top light
In order to appropriately increase the texture and three-dimensional changes of the characters in the softness, we can use semi-enclosed studio lighting, and change the intensity of the left and right flashes surrounded by left and right soft light cloths to increase the change of light ratio, and use a soft box on top Fill in the whole scene as a whole. This kind of light illumination makes the projection of the characters increase and become transparent, and the soft and soft tones feel more varied.
8 surround plus top light
In the surrounding studio lighting, we can also add top light in a light and bright way to increase the three-dimensional changes of the characters. In the full-enveloping lighting scheme with soft light cloth, the top light is added. The main characteristics of this kind of light illumination are that the illumination field is transparent and the soft tone is stronger.
9 The main light is normal color temperature (flash) + auxiliary light with low color temperature (red light) + auxiliary light with high color temperature (blue light)
Use a flash with normal color temperature as the main light, and use a red light source and a blue light source as the auxiliary light to create a change of warm and cold on the figure’s body. Both colored lights hit the subject’s face and body and illuminate the background at the same time. More varied, overall feeling, jumping.
10The main light is normal color temperature (flash) + fill light (color light with different color temperatures)
The use of this mixed light can give the picture a dreamy color feeling. During the specific operation, two flash lights with normal color temperature and a reflector are arranged in front and side of the character. The dark parts of the character use lights with different color temperatures as auxiliary light to change the color of the skin color of the character, giving the effect of ambient light.
11 The main light is normal color temperature (flash) + background low color temperature (red light) + background high color temperature (blue light)
The main light is flash, and the background light changes in contrast between cold and warm colors, highlighting the personality, fashion, and strong decoration.
Use a soft light flash with normal color temperature to mainly illuminate the characters to ensure the normal restoration of the character’s skin color. Lights with red chips (low color temperature) and blue chips (high color temperature) are used on the left and right sides of the background respectively, creating a cold and warm contrast effect in the entire picture.
12The main light is normal color temperature (flash) + background low color temperature (red light)
The flash is used as the main light and the background is red. Used as background ambient light to render the atmosphere and highlight the color changes of the picture, which is dramatic
This mixed lighting method of different color temperatures is suitable for shooting different tones, such as warm tones, cold tones, etc. Because the main light used to illuminate the characters is of normal color temperature, the color reproduction of the characters is normal. This avoids weird colors due to different color temperatures and meets the aesthetic requirements of ordinary people.
13 Spot light (main light) + soft light
The spotlight is a set of mixed light that combines the main light and the soft light. The studio lighting effect of the spotlight is to highlight the focus and the light ratio is large. The use of soft light in conjunction with the soft light can appropriately adjust the light ratio and contrast between the two. It has the function of emphasizing key points, clarifying priorities, and highlighting performance.
Spot light is also a type of hard light lighting. Its main difference from hard light is that the spotlight has strong directionality, a small illumination area, and a large contrast. It can emphasize parts of the subject. In addition, the soft box of the auxiliary light can increase the shooting of dark parts. Details make the picture richer.
14 hard light (main light) + reflected light
A mixed light layout method that uses hard light as the main light and reflected light as the auxiliary light. The hard light plays an overall plastic role. And the reflected light plays a role in adding layers and rich details. The overall effect is more three-dimensional and has a strong sense of shaping. It is more suitable for European style, classical painting style. And when you want to highlight a special artistic conception of the picture. The three-dimensional effect of the picture is slightly stronger than that of hard light and soft light.
15 soft light (main light) + hard light
Use soft light as the main light to illuminate the subject. The characters’ faces are soft, the layers are delicate, and the contrast is soft, which is beneficial to the expression of the skin. At the same time, hard light is used as the outline light to outline the body lines of the characters. It uses both soft and hard light to create a three-dimensional and beautiful picture effect. When shooting, soft light is mainly used, and hard light can be adjusted according to the actual situation. For example, hard light can be use as a glow when hitting the subject’s head. And it can be use as a contour light when hitting the back edge of the character. To reflect the beauty of the character’s lines and highlight the subject. It can be used as ambient light on the background to render the main body of the character.
16 hard light (main light) + soft light
It uses hard light as the main light to illuminate the subject, and at the same time uses soft light as the auxiliary light to add layers and details to the picture. Use hard light as the main light so that the three-dimensionality of the characters is strong. And the texture will be highlighted. Use soft light as the auxiliary light so that the dark parts of the characters. It will be clear and the contrast will be moderate. Using both hard and soft tactics, the effect of the picture is obvious and the priorities are clear. The lighting method that combines hard light and soft light is widely used in portrait photography. Since hard light is use as the main light source, the overall feeling of the light will be more three-dimensional. Which is suitable for shooting some more fashionable, dynamic, aesthetic and European shooting styles.
17 modified light
The light position is generally at the diagonal position of the main light. It mainly to control the light ratio and change the color of the overall image. The lighting should be harder to separate the characters from the background and highlight the outline light. This can not only enrich the picture, but also highlight the layering. And without this light, the film would be a bit dead, and the characters would be lifeless.
Modifying light can brighten hair, create shadows on skin lines, create strong texture, and give characters a three-dimensional feel.
18 Main light and back light
The main light is located 45 degrees above the side of the person being photograph. With the nose as the boundary, with one side bright and one dark. This lighting method is more conducive to depicting the character’s mood. If the main light is position directly above and adjusted a little further, it will appear on the cheek. The projection of the bridge of the nose appears on the other side. It making the bridge of the nose look strong and the eyes strong.
19 triangle light
The main light is located directly above the person being photograph at a 45-degree angle. And directed downwards, with the camera facing the eyes. The other auxiliary light sources and light ratio controls are slightly weaker than the main light. In this way, a triangle shape will appear on the cheeks on both sides of the nose bridge. Which can make the bridge of the nose straight.
20 plane light
The most commonly used lighting method for images generally requires 5-6 desk lamps. One main lamp, one auxiliary lamp, one floor lamp, one ceiling lamp, and one or two background lamps. Then the eyes of the person being photograph are use as the test standard to make all the test lamps reach the same value. This lighting method makes the image light softer, the exposure everywhere more uniform, and the image beautiful.
It can remove eye bags and eliminate nose shadows.