China has increased its military presence and infrastructure construction along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in 2022 amid border tensions with India, a Pentagon report said.
According to the Indian news channel ‘NDTV’, the Pentagon’s ‘People’s Republic of China’s Military and Security Development Report 2023′ states that underground storage facilities, new roads, an airport, and several helipads are in the LAC. Together, they are part of Beijing’s infrastructure.’
According to the report, ‘continued tensions along the border. Since early May 2020 have caught the attention of China’s Western Theatre Command. Disputes over border demarcations along the LAC have led to several clashes between India and China.
It added that China’s Western Theatre Command conducted massive troop deployments along the LAC in response to the Galwan Valley skirmish. Which kill 20 Indian soldiers and has continued this year.
The report points out that the talks between India and China have made “little progress as both sides are unwilling to back down from their respective claims on demarcations.”
While noting Beijing’s infrastructure build-up along the LAC. The report states that “in 2022, China will continue to build military infrastructure along the LAC.” These include underground storage facilities near Doklam. New roads in all three sectors of the LAC, disputed villages in neighbouring Bhutan’s territory. A second bridge over Pangong Lake, a dual-purpose airport near the centre sector, and several heliports. Pads included.’
Regarding military deployments, the report states that ‘in 2022. China deployed a border regiment with two divisions. From the Xinjiang and Tibet Military Districts in the western sector of the LAC and four Combined Military Brigades (CABs). kept as a reserve. Apart from this, three light to medium CABs from other theatre commands have been deployed in the eastern sector and three additional combined military brigades in the central sector of LAC.
Earlier in June this year, Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that India was talking with China. At both military and diplomatic levels to resolve the issues. He further said that the government will never allow the sanctity of borders to be violated.
Responding to the opposition’s accusations against the government. He said, “I want to reiterate that there has been some activity on the LAC since 2013. But I categorically reject the claim that there have been no significant changes or encroachments in the LAC since the formation of the government.’
The Pentagon report also states that China has more than 500 operational nuclear warheads. And is likely to have more than 1,000 by 2030.