What kind of planet is suitable for us humans to live in? What kind of planet is possible for life to exist? Since the Earth is the only planet that we humans currently know to have life, we will refer to the Earth’s environment when looking for habitable planets and alien life. For example, when we are looking for a habitable planet, our first thought is that this planet must have liquid water, because liquid water is the basis for the origin and continuation of life on earth. If the earth does not have liquid water, there may be no origin of life. . Secondly, the temperature of these planets must be suitable, and they must have an atmosphere and a magnetic field. Only then will life on such a planet be more comfortable. Let’s know about oymyakon weather in Russia.
But as we continue to explore, we gradually find that using such standards to find habitable planets and extraterrestrial life has great limitations. Because many creatures are extremely tenacious, they can survive in some extreme environments, such as living in the Antarctic subglacial ocean where there is no sunlight, or living in volcanic craters. In addition to these extreme creatures, there are also some humans who can live in extreme environments, such as the Oymyakans .
How do the people of Oymyakon live?
We know that at the two poles of the earth and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau or other plateau areas, the temperature is very low and the environment is very harsh. It is difficult for ordinary people to survive in such an environment. Therefore, we rarely see humans in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, and usually only scientific researchers go to these polar regions to conduct scientific research.
In the center of a basin in northeastern Siberia, Russia, 350 kilometers south of the Arctic Circle , there is an isolated small village. This small village is Oymyakon. Because of its high latitude, it receives very little solar radiation and the temperature is naturally relatively low. In addition, this basin is very special. The terrain on its east, south and west sides is relatively high, while the terrain on the north side is relatively low . This causes the warm air blowing from the south to be directly blocked, while the topography blowing from the north will be directly blocked. The cold air that comes in can drive straight in. The cold air that enters the basin will eventually stagnate and accumulate inside, making this small village even colder and known as the “extremely cold place” on earth.
On February 6 , 1933 , the lowest temperature measured in this small village was -71.2 ℃, so Oymyakon earned the title of the ” cold pole” of the northern hemisphere . It can be seen that the temperature in this small village is astonishingly low, and it is really unbearable for ordinary people. After all, in such an environment, the water has already frozen. Although the environment is very harsh, there are about 500 villagers living here all year round. So what is their life like here?
In the early days, this area was not a permanent human settlement. In the 1920s and 1930s, some reindeer herders stopped here to let the deer drink from the hot springs here. Later, the Soviet Union allowed these nomadic people to settle here. After settling down, this isolated small village became a permanent settlement for these herdsmen, and it became the coldest permanent residential area in the world.
However, it is really difficult to live here. In the environment of dozens of degrees below zero, the people of Oymyakon face various problems, including the battery losing power, the car may not start, and even the glasses may freeze in On human face. In winter, when these residents step outside their houses, their eyelashes will be instantly frozen into ice flowers. When they breathe, they can even hear the sound of their exhaled breath turning into ice slag. It is really too cold.
Since this small village is located not far from the Arctic Circle, the land here is very different from the land in our lower latitudes. The land in Oymyakon is permafrost, so you cannot build houses here like we do in low latitudes, because as the seasons cycle, these permafrost layers will also melt, and houses will be built directly on the permafrost. Problems such as house collapse may occur above the ground floor. In order to solve this problem, when building a house locally, wooden piles must first be driven into the ground.
The house is built on these wooden piles buried deep in the ground. And the house is at least 1 meter away from the ground to avoid heat in the house . Thaw the permafrost foundation. In order to keep out the cold, the doors and windows of local houses are also relatively complex, usually with four or five floors.
The house problem has been solved, but there are many other problems, such as the water problem. At such a temperature, water has already frozen into ice. Under normal circumstances, water cannot flow in water pipes. In order to solve this problem, local water pipes are not laid underground. But on the ground, and they need to be installed on the ground. Install some heating equipment along the way to prevent the water in the pipes from freezing.
In such an environment, almost isolated from the rest of the world, how do we find local food sources? Local residents make a living by hunting, fishing, and raising cows and reindeer. Although their food does not seem to be as abundant as in our lower latitudes, they do not suffer from malnutrition. On the contrary, they live very healthily, and there are many long-lived elderly people here. Scientists believe that although the environment here is harsh, the air here is very pure with almost no pollution. And their eating habits and lifestyle are very healthy and active. So the local people generally live a healthy and long life. However, due to the harsh environment, the mortality rate of newborns is relatively high. And only those newborns with very strong bodies can survive.
Will life on Mars be like this in the future?
This environment is very similar to Mars. Mars is a terrestrial planet located in the habitable zone of the solar system. It has many similarities with our earth. Therefore, many people also believe that Mars may become our human beings ‘ “second home”. In the solar system in the future. Mars builds Martian cities or directly transforms Mars into a planet suitable for our habitation. If we humans immigrate to Mars in the future, what will life be like on Mars?
At present, we have not yet mastered the technology to build a Martian city on Mars and immigrate to Mars. But from the perspective of technological development, immigrating to Mars may only be a matter of time. Since the temperature on the surface of Mars is also very low. The water on the surface of Mars also exists in the form of water ice material, so life on Mars should be similar to the life of the Oymyakon people.
For example, the water on Mars also needs to be heat to melt. And heating equipment needs to be install in the water pipes to ensure the normal flow of liquid water. Protective measures need to be take when going out on Mars, otherwise you may face hypoxia and extreme cold.
Of course, living in Oymyakon is still easier than living on Mars. After all, Oymyakon is still on Earth. Although the temperature is very low, the overall environment is still superior to that of Mars. For example, the density of the atmosphere is much higher than that of Mars. And the oxygen content in the atmosphere is also much higher.